What Is Acute Myeloid Leukemia?

By | June 14, 2019
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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of blood cancer. It usually starts in cells that turn into white blood cells. Occasionally, however, AML may start in other types of blood-producing cells.

Although there is no cure, there are treatments that can make a big difference.

what happens

Acute myeloid leukemia begins in the bone marrow. This is the soft internal parts of the bones.

With acute type of leukemia like AML, the way bone marrow cells mature, they are not mature. These immature cells, which are often called explosions cells, continue to form

You can hear other names for acute myeloid leukemia. The doctor can call it:

  • Acute myelocyticleukemia
  • Acute myelogenousleukemia
  • Acute granulocytic leukemia
  • Acute non-lymphocytic leukemia

Without treatment, AML can quickly jeopardize life. Because it is “intense”, this type of leukemia can spread rapidly in blood and other parts of the body, such as:

  • Lymph node
  • liver
  • Spleen
  • Brain and spinal cord
  • Testicle

Everyone is different, and how severe myeloid leukemia affects them, depending on some things, in which the cancer responds well. Your approach is better if:

You are under 60 years of age.

  • When your diagnosis occurs, you have a low white blood cell count.
  • You do not have a history of blood disorder or cancer.
  • You do not have some gene mutations or chromosomal changes.
  • Causes and risk factors
  • Doctors often do not know why anyone gets AML But they know about some “risk factors” for this situation. There are things that make you more likely.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia risk factors include:


Exposure to some chemicals present in solvent and cigarette smoke used in benzene (oil refineries and other industries), some cleaning products, detergents and paint stripers

Some chemotherapy medicines are used for the treatment of other cancers, such as Meclloramine, Prokerbajin, and Chlorambicil – especially when radiation is combined with therapy.

  • Exposure to high doses of radiation
  • Some blood disorders such as myeloproliferative disorder (for example, chronic Miellogenousleukemia)
  • Some birth defects and disorders such as Down syndrome
  • Being a man
  • Although there is no way to completely stop AML, but you can reduce your risk by avoiding exposure to smoking and chemicals.
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